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Clone an existing repository

    $ git clone ssh://user@domain.com/repo.git

Create a new local repository

    $ git init


Changed files in your working directory

    $ git status

Changes to tracked files

    $ git diff

Add all current changes to the next commit

    $ git add .

Add some changes in to the next commit

    $ git add -p <file>

Commit all local changes in tracked files

    $ git commit -a

Commit previously staged changes

    $ git commit

Change the last commit

Don’t amend published commits!

    $ git commit --amend


Show all commits, starting with newest

    $ git log

Show changes over time for a specific file

    $ git log -p <file>

Who changed what and when in

    $ git blame <file>


List all existing branches

    $ git branch -av

Switch HEAD branch

    $ git checkout <branch>

Create a new branch based on your current HEAD

    $ git branch <new-branch>

Create a new tracking branch based on a remote branch

    $ git checkout --track <remote/branch>

Delete a local branch

    $ git branch -d <branch>

Mark the current commit with a tag

    $ git tag <tag-name>


List all currently configured remotes

    $ git remote -v

Show information about a remote

    $ git remote show <remote>

Add new remote repository, named <remote>

    $ git remote add <shortname> <url>

Download all changes from <remote>, but don‘t integrate into HEAD

    $ git fetch <remote>

Download changes and directly merge/integrate into HEAD

    $ git pull <remote> <branch>

Publish local changes on a remote

    $ git push <remote> <branch>

Delete a branch on the remote

    $ git branch -dr <remote/branch>

Publish your tag s

    $ git push --tags


Merge <branch> into your current HEAD

    $ git merge <branch>

Rebase your current HEAD onto <branch>

Don‘t rebase published commits!

    $ git rebase <branch>

Abort a rebase

    $ git rebase --abort

Continue a rebase after resolving conflicts

    $ git rebase --continue

Use your configured merge tool to solve conflicts

    $ git mergetool

Use your editor to manually solve conflicts and (after resolving) mark file as resolved

    $ git add <resolved-file>
    $ git rm <resolved-file> 


Discard all local changes in your working directory

    $ git reset --hard HEAD

Discard local changes in a specific file

    $ git checkout HEAD <file>

Revert a commit (by producing a new commit with contrary changes)

    $ git revert <commit>

Reset your HEAD pointer to a previous commit

…and discard all changes since then

    $ git reset --hard <commit>

…and preserve all changes as unstaged changes

    $ git reset <commit>

…and preserve uncommitted local changes

    $ git reset --keep <commit>

声明: 本文采用 BY-NC-SA 授权。转载请注明转自: Ding Bao Guo